Degenerate oligonucleotide sequence-directed cross-species PCR cloning of the BCP 54/ALDH 3 cDNA: priming from inverted repeats and formation of tandem primer arrays

D L Cooper, E W Baptist
1991 Genome Research  
Bovine corneal protein 54 (BCP 54) is the major soluble protein of the bovine cornea, and immunoreactive forms of this protein have been described in a wide range of mammals. Dideoxy sequence determination of a previously synthesized 420-bp cDNA to BCP 54 generated by the novel mixed oligonucleotide primer amplification of cDNA (MOPAC) procedure revealed extensive similarity to the cDNA encoding tumor-associated rat liver (class 3) aldehyde dehydrogenase (RATALD). PCR amplification with
more » ... cation with additional pairs of degenerate oligonucleotide sequence (DOS) primers derived from both BCP 54amino-acid sequence and amino acid and nucleotide sequence data from RATALD produced three PCR products that were cloned and subsequently sequenced. The major product was 716-bp BCP 54 cDNA clone encompassing the BCP 54 carboxy-terminal amino acid sequence for which the DOS pair was designed. Sequence alignment of the BCP 54 cDNA and its translation product with RATALD demonstrated 81% and 85% Identity at the nucleotide and amino acid levels, respectively. Analysis of the additional two clones established that they were the results of PCR artifactual processes. The first of these was a 552-bp product occurring at elevated primer concentrations that formed through bidirectional amplification from a single DOS annealing to an inverted repeat located In the BCP 54 coding sequence. The second artifactual product was a 212-bp sequence that contained several unreported amplification anomalies, including the formation of a tandem primer array.
doi:10.1101/gr.1.1.57 fatcat:fhzxwawahbhzbbjljbgqqryv34