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Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics
Economic theories of systems of cities explain why production and consumption activities are concentrated in a number of urban areas of different sizes and industrial composition rather than uniformly distributed in space. These theories have been successively influenced by four paradigms: (i) conventional urban economics emphasizing the tension between economies due to the spatial concentration of activity and diseconomies arising from that concentration; (ii) the theory of industrialdoi:10.1016/s1574-0080(04)80009-9 fatcat:gudic5y3incqloyqrghdjbwjiy