Smartphone-Based Solutions for Fall Detection and Prevention: Challenges and Open Issues

Mohammad Habib, Mas Mohktar, Shahrul Kamaruzzaman, Kheng Lim, Tan Pin, Fatimah Ibrahim
2014 Sensors  
This paper presents a state-of-the-art survey of smartphone (SP)-based solutions for fall detection and prevention. Falls are considered as major health hazards for both the elderly and people with neurodegenerative diseases. To mitigate the adverse consequences of falling, a great deal of research has been conducted, mainly focused on two different approaches, namely, fall detection and fall prevention. Required hardware for both fall detection and prevention are also available in SPs.
more » ... ntly, researchers' interest in finding SP-based solutions has increased dramatically over recent years. To the best of our knowledge, there has been no published review on SP-based fall detection and prevention. Thus in this paper, we present the taxonomy for SP-based fall detection and prevention solutions and systematic comparisons of existing studies. We have also identified three challenges and three open issues for future research, after reviewing the existing articles. Our time series analysis demonstrates a trend towards the integration of external sensing units with SPs for improvement in usability of the systems.
doi:10.3390/s140407181 pmid:24759116 pmcid:PMC4029687 fatcat:dzzsejarsbf7pcnunn5lyywyri