The Swiss field-goniometer system (FIGOS)

S. Sandmeier, W. Sandmeier, K.I. Itten, M.E. Schaepman, T.W. Kellenberger
1995 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS '95. Quantitative Remote Sensing for Science and Applications  
The reflectance characteristics of most natural objects vary with illumination and viewing geometry, i.e. expose a non-Lambertian behaviour. New sensor systems are capable to view at targets quasi-simultaneously from nadir and different off-nadir positions. In regard to radiometric corrections the Lambertian assumption has to be overcome by detailed knowledge of the bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) of targets at the earth surface. In order to obtain bidirectional
more » ... rectional reflectance factor (BRF) data of naturally illuminated targets a transportable fieldgoniometer system (FIGOS) has been developed. It is operated together with a GER-3700 spectroradiometer. The goniometer consists of an azimuth full-circle and a zenith semi-arc of 2 m radius each. It enables to observe a target from any desired viewing direction. First measurements are taken from a plane meadow under different solar zenith angles over the hemisphere in a resolution of 15° and 30° in zenith and azimuth direction, respectively. A Spectralon panel is measured at the beginning and end of a hemispherical data set. As the position of the sun and the atmospheric conditions cannot be assumed constant over the measurement period of about 18 minutes, the global solar irradiance is monitored simultaneously to the BRF-data acquisition. The obtained results clearly show the non-Lambertian reflectance characteristics of the meadow.
doi:10.1109/igarss.1995.524113 fatcat:of2xkcsqnfab3hgohnljiuspty