Natural Selection and Multi-Level Causation

Maximiliano Martínez, Andrés Moya
2011 Philosophy and Theory in Biology  
In this paper, using a multilevel approach, we defend the positive role of natural selection in the generation of organismal form. Despite the currently widespread opinion that natural selection only plays a negative role in the evolution of form, we argue, in contrast, that the Darwinian factor is a crucial (but not exclusive) factor in morphological organization. Analyzing some classic arguments, we propose incorporating the notion of 'downward causation' into the concept of 'natural
more » ... f 'natural selection.' In our opinion, this kind of causation is fundamental to the operation of selection as a creative evolutionary process.
doi:10.3998/ptb.6959004.0003.002 fatcat:7kq4ai5lrrda7pf6ezyehd2mie