Convolutional Neural Networks as Summary Statistics for Approximate Bayesian Computation
Approximate Bayesian Computation is widely used in systems biology for inferring parameters in stochastic gene regulatory network models. Its performance hinges critically on the ability to summarize high-dimensional system responses such as time series into a few informative, low-dimensional summary statistics. The quality of those statistics acutely impacts the accuracy of the inference task. Existing methods to select the best subset out of a pool of candidate statistics do not scale well
... h large pools of several tens to hundreds of candidate statistics. Since high quality statistics are imperative for good performance, this becomes a serious bottleneck when performing inference on complex and high-dimensional problems. This paper proposes a convolutional neural network architecture for automatically learning informative summary statistics of temporal responses. We show that the proposed network can effectively circumvent the statistics selection problem of the preprocessing step for ABC inference. The proposed approach is demonstrated on two benchmark problem and one challenging inference problem learning parameters in a high-dimensional stochastic genetic oscillator. We also study the impact of experimental design on network performance by comparing different data richness and data acquisition strategies.