AN INTEGRATION OF MULTICRITERIA ANALYSIS WITH GIS IN THE MALAYSIAN NATIONAL PHYSICAL PLAN

Nor Sallehi Kassim, Rafikul Islam
2006 PLANNING MALAYSIA JOURNAL  
Plan preparation process has evolved from the usage of traditional approaches of brainstorming to an advanced application of sophisticated analytical techniques coupled with powerful decision support software systems. The rationale of applying analytical techniques is to ensure that the analysis is thorough and logical and minimize the uncertainties in the decisions made. The National Physical Plan (NPP) of Malaysia is prepared on the basis of the Town and Country Planning Act 1976 (Al 129). It
more » ... contains a written statement that pertains to formulation of strategic policies in determining the general directions and trends of the physical development of the country. The NPP is needed to strengthen the existing national planning system so that it is 1nore systematic, effective, and efficient. The NPP also coordinates the country's various planning agencies and authorities at the national, state and local levels and acts as the basis for preparation of lower tier physical development plans, e.g., structure and local plans. The present paper presents a case study on the NPP using a combined application of GIS and a multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) technique. While GIS has provided its capability in data storage, retrieval and analysis of data, MCDM technique has reflected its capability as the tool for aggregating the geographical data and decision maker's preferences. It is expected that the study will stimulate further applications in various planning activities in Malaysia.
doi:10.21837/pmjournal.v4.i1.54 fatcat:jjbgrzc3ujazjhfawinkdjurha