In Vitro Concurrent Endothelial and Osteogenic Commitment of Adipose-Derived Stem Cells and Their Genomical Analyses Through Comparative Genomic Hybridization Array: Novel Strategies to Increase the Successful Engraftment of Tissue-Engineered Bone Grafts

Chiara Gardin, Eriberto Bressan, Letizia Ferroni, Elisa Nalesso, Vincenzo Vindigni, Edoardo Stellini, Paolo Pinton, Stefano Sivolella, Barbara Zavan
2012 Stem Cells and Development  
In the field of tissue engineering, adult stem cells are increasingly recognized as an important tool for in vitro reconstructed tissue-engineered grafts. In the world of cell therapies, undoubtedly, mesenchymal stem cells from bone marrow or adipose tissue are the most promising progenitors for tissue engineering applications. In this setting, adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) are generally similar to those derived from bone marrow and are most conveniently extracted from tissue removed by
more » ... tive cosmetic liposuction procedures; they also show a great potential for endothelization. The aim of the present work was to investigate how the cocommitment into a vascular and bone phenotype of ASCs could be a useful tool for improving the in vitro and in vivo reconstruction of a vascularized bone graft. Human ASCs obtained from abdominoplasty procedures were loaded in a hydroxyapatite clinical-grade scaffold, codifferentiated, and tested for proliferation, cell distribution, and osteogenic and vasculogenic gene expression. The chromosomal stability of the cultures was investigated using the comparative genomic hybridization array for 3D cultures. ASC adhesion, distribution, proliferation, and gene expression not only demonstrated a full osteogenic and vasculogenic commitment in vitro and in vivo, but also showed that endothelization strongly improves their osteogenic commitment. In the end, genetic analyses confirmed that no genomical alteration in long-term in vitro culture of ASCs in 3D scaffolds occurs.
doi:10.1089/scd.2011.0147 pmid:21521013 fatcat:guhdlvjky5amfowtjwhrp3jz4i