Transverse momentum fluctuations in ultrarelativistic Pb + Pb and p + Pb collisions with "wounded" quarks
Physical Review C
We analyze the phenomenon of size-flow transmutation in ultrarelativistic nuclear collisions in a model where the initial size fluctuations are driven by the wounded quarks and the collectivity is provided by viscous hydrodynamics. It is found that the model properly reproduces the data for the transverse momentum fluctuations measured for Pb+Pb collisions at 2.76TeV by the ALICE Collaboration. The agreement holds for a remarkably wide range of centralities, from 0-5 (dN_ ch/dη)^1/2 in the form
... seen in the data. The overall agreement in the model with wounded quarks is significantly better than with nucleon participants. This feature joins the previously-found wounded quark multiplicity scaling in the argumentation in favor of subnucleonic degrees of freedom in the early dynamics. We also examine in detail the correlations between measures of the initial size and final average transverse momentum of hadrons. Predictions are made for the transverse momentum fluctuations in p+Pb collisions at 5.02TeV.