Adversarial Mask: Real-World Universal Adversarial Attack on Face Recognition Model [article]

Alon Zolfi and Shai Avidan and Yuval Elovici and Asaf Shabtai
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Deep learning-based facial recognition (FR) models have demonstrated state-of-the-art performance in the past few years, even when wearing protective medical face masks became commonplace during the COVID-19 pandemic. Given the outstanding performance of these models, the machine learning research community has shown increasing interest in challenging their robustness. Initially, researchers presented adversarial attacks in the digital domain, and later the attacks were transferred to the
more » ... al domain. However, in many cases, attacks in the physical domain are conspicuous, and thus may raise suspicion in real-world environments (e.g., airports). In this paper, we propose Adversarial Mask, a physical universal adversarial perturbation (UAP) against state-of-the-art FR models that is applied on face masks in the form of a carefully crafted pattern. In our experiments, we examined the transferability of our adversarial mask to a wide range of FR model architectures and datasets. In addition, we validated our adversarial mask's effectiveness in real-world experiments (CCTV use case) by printing the adversarial pattern on a fabric face mask. In these experiments, the FR system was only able to identify 3.34% of the participants wearing the mask (compared to a minimum of 83.34% with other evaluated masks). A demo of our experiments can be found at:
arXiv:2111.10759v3 fatcat:s2nhmcpusnefzmty6rsfvfn2sa