Longjun Liu, Chao Li, Hongbin Sun, Yang Hu, Juncheng Gu, Tao Li, Jingmin Xin, Nanning Zheng
2015 SIGARCH Computer Architecture News  
Today, an increasing number of applications and services are being hosted by large-scale data centers. The massive and irregular load surges challenge data center power infrastructures. As a result, power mismatching between supply and demand has emerged as a crucial issue in modern data centers which are either under-provisioned or powered by intermittent power sources. Recent proposals have employed energy storage devices such as the uninterruptible power supply (UPS) systems to address this
more » ... ssue. However, current approaches lack the capacity of efficiently handling the irregular and unpredictable power mismatches. In this paper, we propose Hybrid Energy Buffering (HEB), the first heterogeneous and adaptive strategy that incorporates super-capacitors (SCs) into existing data centers to dynamically deal with power mismatches. Our techniques exploit diverse energy absorbing characteristics and intelligent load assignment policies to provide efficiencyand scenario-aware power mismatch management. More attractively, our management schemes make the costly energy storage devices more affordable and economical for datacenter-scale usage. We evaluate the HEB design with a real system prototype. Compared with a homogenous battery energy buffering system, HEB could improve energy efficiency by 39.7%, extend UPS lifetime by 4.7X, reduce system downtime by 41% and improve renewable energy utilization by 81.2%. Our TCO analysis shows that HEB manifests high ROI and is able to gain more than 1.9X peak shaving benefit during an 8-years period. It allows datacenters to adapt to various power supply anomalies, thereby improving operational efficiency, resiliency and economy.
doi:10.1145/2872887.2750384 fatcat:ug3wnt6tvfavvk6zirv3pxnbje