Image-based Automatic Diagnostic System for Tomato Plants using Deep Learning

Shaheen Khatoon, Md Maruf Hasan, Amna Asif, Majed Alshmari, Yun-Kiam Yap
2021 Computers Materials & Continua  
Tomato production is affected by various threats, including pests, pathogens, and nutritional de ciencies during its growth process. If control is not timely, these threats affect the plant-growth, fruit-yield, or even loss of the entire crop, which is a key danger to farmers' livelihood and food security. Traditional plant disease diagnosis methods heavily rely on plant pathologists that incur high processing time and huge cost. Rapid and cost-effective methods are essential for timely
more » ... n and early intervention of basic food threats to ensure food security and reduce substantial economic loss. Recent developments in Arti cial Intelligence (AI) and computer vision allow researchers to develop image-based automatic diagnostic tools to quickly and accurately detect diseases. In this work, we proposed an AI-based approach to detect diseases in tomato plants. Our goal is to develop an end-to-end system to diagnose essential crop problems in real-time, ensuring high accuracy. This paper employs various deep learning models to recognize and predict different diseases caused by pathogens, pests, and nutritional de ciencies. Various Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) are trained on a large dataset of leaves and fruits images of tomato plants. We compared the performance of ShallowNet (a shallow network trained from scratch) and the state-of-theart deep learning network (models are ne-tuned via transfer learning). In our experiments, DenseNet consistently achieved high performance with an accuracy score of 95.31% on the test dataset. The results verify that deep learning models with the least number of parameters, reasonable complexity, and appropriate depth achieve the best performance. All experiments are implemented in Python, utilizing the Keras deep learning library backend with TensorFlow.
doi:10.32604/cmc.2021.014580 fatcat:ozmla5vusrhhrgv7incuhrqsie