32 year old man with "community-acquired' pneumonia

Jill Gersh, Michelle Haas
2013 Southwest Journal of Pulmonary and Critical Care  
Community-acquired pneumonia is a common reason for hospital admission; however underlying pathogens vary depending on host immunity and circulating pathogens in the community. Case Summary: A 32 year old man from Malawi presented with communityacquired pneumonia. After failing outpatient management, he was admitted and found to have underlying HIV disease. His diagnostic work up was initially inconclusive for M. tuberculosis (TB) and thus his diagnostic evaluation and treatment focused on
more » ... etiologies. He was ultimately diagnosed with TB after an invasive procedure and had a rapid clinical response after initiating TB treatment. Conclusion: Both failure to recognize that TB can present with a syndrome similar to bacterial pneumonia and over-reliance on diagnostic testing delayed the diagnosis of TB. Delays in diagnosis contributed to substantial morbidity and risked nosocomial transmission. Despite declining incidence in the US, providers should remain cognizant of diagnostic limitations for TB disease and have a low threshold for empiric treatment.
doi:10.13175/swjpcc173-13 fatcat:oxxfslm3s5fxvldjxgvkhvm3fm