Solution for a bipartite Euclidean traveling-salesman problem in one dimension

Sergio Caracciolo, Andrea Di Gioacchino, Marco Gherardi, Enrico M. Malatesta
2018 Physical review. E  
The traveling salesman problem is one of the most studied combinatorial optimization problems, because of the simplicity in its statement and the difficulty in its solution. We characterize the optimal cycle for every convex and increasing cost function when the points are thrown independently and with an identical probability distribution in a compact interval. We compute the average optimal cost for every number of points when the distance function is the square of the Euclidean distance. We
more » ... lso show that the average optimal cost is not a self-averaging quantity by explicitly computing the variance of its distribution in the thermodynamic limit. Moreover, we prove that the cost of the optimal cycle is not smaller than twice the cost of the optimal assignment of the same set of points. Interestingly, this bound is saturated in the thermodynamic limit.
doi:10.1103/physreve.97.052109 pmid:29906886 fatcat:pubbjws6breehpex2mdxgoesei