Fast and Accurate 3D Hand Pose Estimation via Recurrent Neural Network for Capturing Hand Articulations

Cheol-Hwan Yoo, Seo-Won Ji, Yong-Goo Shin, Seung-Wook Kim, Sung-Jea Ko
2020 IEEE Access  
3D hand pose estimation from a single depth image plays an important role in computer vision and human-computer interaction. Although recent hand pose estimation methods using convolution neural network (CNN) have shown notable improvements in accuracy, most of them have a limitation that they rely on a complex network structure without fully exploiting the articulated structure of the hand. A hand, which is an articulated object, is composed of six local parts: the palm and five independent
more » ... five independent fingers. Each finger consists of sequential-joints that provide constrained motion, referred to as a kinematic chain. In this paper, we propose a hierarchically-structured convolutional recurrent neural network (HCRNN) with six branches that estimate the 3D position of the palm and five fingers independently. The palm position is predicted via fully-connected layers. Each sequential-joint, i.e. finger position, is obtained using a recurrent neural network (RNN) to capture the spatial dependencies between adjacent joints. Then the output features of the palm and finger branches are concatenated to estimate the global hand position. HCRNN directly takes the depth map as an input without a time-consuming data conversion, such as 3D voxels and point clouds. Experimental results on public datasets demonstrate that the proposed HCRNN not only outperforms most 2D CNN-based methods using the depth image as their inputs but also achieves competitive results with state-of-the-art 3D CNN-based methods with a highly efficient running speed of 285 fps on a single GPU. INDEX TERMS 3D hand pose estimation, recurrent neural network, hand articulations.
doi:10.1109/access.2020.3001637 fatcat:7dou6dqnsbhxtlgalfhnhgrlre