Automated lumen segmentation using multi-frame convolutional neural networks in Intravascular Ultrasound datasets

Paulo G P Ziemer, Carlos A Bulant, José I Orlando, Gonzalo D Maso Talou, Luis A Mansilla Álvarez, Cristiano Guedes Bezerra, Pedro A Lemos, Héctor M García-García, Pablo J Blanco
2020 European Heart Journal - Digital Health  
Background Assessment of minimum lumen areas (MLA) in intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) pullbacks is time consuming and demands adequately trained personnel. In this work we introduce a novel and fully automated pipeline to segment the lumen boundary in IVUS datasets. Methods First, an automated gating is applied to select end-diastolic frames and bypass saw-tooth artifacts. Second, within a machine learning (ML) environment, we automatically segment the lumen boundary using a multi-frame (MF)
more » ... volutional neural network (CNN). Finally, we use the theory of Gaussian processes (GP) to regress the final lumen boundary. Results The dataset consisted of 85 IVUS pullbacks (52 patients). The dataset was partitioned at the pullback-level using 73 pullbacks for training (20586 frames), 6 pullbacks for validation (1692 frames) and 6 for testing (1692 frames). The degree of overlapping, between the ground truth and ML contours, median (interquartile range, IQR) systematically increased from 0.896 (0.874 to 0.933) for MF1 to 0.925 (0.911 to 0.948) for MF11. The median (IQR) of the distance error was also reduced from 3.83 (2.94 to 4.98)% for MF1, to 3.02 (2.25 to 3.95)% for MF11-GP. The corresponding median (IQR) in the lumen area error remained between 5.49 (2.50 to 10.50)% for MF1 and 5.12 (2.15 to 9.00)% for MF11-GP. The dispersion in the relative distance and area errors consistently decreased as we increased the number of frames, and also when the GP regressor was coupled to the MFCNN output. Conclusions These results demonstrate that the proposed ML approach is suitable to effectively segment the lumen boundary in IVUS scans, reducing the burden of costly and time-consuming manual delineation.
doi:10.1093/ehjdh/ztaa014 pmid:36713961 pmcid:PMC9707866 fatcat:ho6ixts75reidlkrd6ozrljrli