Modeling the Response of Magnetorheological Fluid Dampers under Seismic Conditions

Darson Dezheng Li, Declan Finn Keogh, Kevin Huang, Qing Nian Chan, Anthony Chun Yin Yuen, Chris Menictas, Victoria Timchenko, Guan Heng Yeoh
2019 Applied Sciences  
Magnetorheological (MR) fluid is a smart material fabricated by mixing magnetic-responsive particles with non-magnetic-responsive carrier fluids. MR fluid dampers are able to provide rapid and reversible changes to their damping coefficient. To optimize the efficiency and effectiveness of such devices, a computational model is developed and presented where the flow field is simulated using the computational fluid dynamics approach, coupled with the magnetohydrodynamics model. Three different
more » ... et pressure profiles were designed to replicate real loading conditions are examined, namely a constant pressure, a sinusoidal pressure profile, and a pressure profile mimicking the 1994 Northbridge earthquake. When the MR fluid damper was in its off-state, a linear pressure drop between the inlet and the outlet was observed. When a uniform perpendicular external magnetic field was applied to the annular orifice of the MR damper, a significantly larger pressure drop was observed across the annular orifice for all three inlet pressure profiles. It was shown that the fluid velocity within the magnetized annular orifice decreased proportionally with respect to the strength of the applied magnetic field until saturation was reached. Therefore, it was clearly demonstrated that the present model was capable of accurately capturing the damping characteristics of MR fluid dampers.
doi:10.3390/app9194189 fatcat:pfwkbym7gnf2bo7qiyh367usom