Field Survey of Evacuation Behavior in the 29 September 2009 American Samoa Tsunami Disaster

Yoshihiro OKUMURA, Kenji HARADA, Yoshiaki KAWATA
2010 Journal of Japan Society of Civil Engineers Ser B2 (Coastal Engineering)  
A large tsunami attacked Tutuila Island, American Samoa in the early morning on 29 September 2009 (local time), and killed 35 people. We must draw attention to be low death ratio compared with past tsunami disasters, while local people did not get tsunami warning information before tsunami coming and did not have tsunami knowledge. We carried out the field investigation on evacuation behavior of residents in Tutuila Island. The main findings are as follows: first, most residents evacuated some
more » ... nts evacuated some high ground areas close to their residential area. Secondly, almost all people evacuated on foot. Third, residents built social reality "We are dangerous when we are here". The reality was built by some people's behavior, e.g., mayor's call, residents' call, sounding the church bell and so on.
doi:10.2208/kaigan.66.1371 fatcat:jbajiwu25zabbb5mk4ku2ipnua