A Targeting Sequence for Dense Secretory Granules Resides in the Active Renin Protein Moiety of Human Preprorenin

William N. Chu, John D. Baxter, Timothy L. Reudelhuber
1990 Molecular Endocrinology  
Human renin plays an important role in blood pressure homeostasis and is secreted in a regulated manner from the juxtaglomerular apparatus of the kidney in response to various physiological stimuli. Many aspects of the regulated release of renin (including accurate processing of prorenin to renin, subcellular targeting of renin to dense secretory granules, and regulated release of active renin) can be reproduced in mouse pituitary AtT-20 cells transfected with a human preprorenin expression
more » ... enin expression vector. Using protein engineering, we have attempted to define the roles of various structures in prorenin that affect its production and trafficking to dense core secretory granules, resulting in its activation and regulated secretion. Replacement of the native signal peptide of human preprorenin with that of a constitutively secreted protein (immunoglobulin M) had no apparent effect on either the constitutive secretion of prorenin or the regulated secretion of active renin in transfected AtT-20 cells. Removal of the pro segment resulted in a marked reduction in total renin secretion, but did not prevent renin from entering the regulated secretory pathway. Single or combined mutations in the two glycosylation sites of human renin did not prevent its regulated secretion; however, the complete elimination of glycosylation resulted in a significant increase in the ratio of renin/prorenin secreted by the transfected cells. Thus, these results suggest that 1) at least one of the sequences that target human renin to dense secretory granules lies within the protein moiety of active renin; 2) the presence of the pro segment is important for efficient prorenin and renin production; and 3) glycosylation can quantitatively affect the proportion of active renin secreted. (Molecular Endocrinology
doi:10.1210/mend-4-12-1905 pmid:2082189 fatcat:codyw5cvejcaziwwysc56p2lli