The "Decline of the West" and the "Death" of Humanism
Человек и его экзистенциальные страхи в картинах мира

Anzhelika Ivanovna Sergeyeva
2020 Общество философия история культура  
The paper analyzes philosophical views on human-ism and culture in the realities of the modern situa-tion. O. Spengler and F. Nietzsche predicted the end of Western culture, which is still relevant today. The study concludes that even in our time humanism remains one of the main worldview principles, but in its essence does not give creative freedom. There-fore, it is quite justified to turn to the teachings of Russian thinkers, for whom the solution of social problems had a universal, moral
more » ... universal, moral significance. Their work in the context of the paper is presented in fragments. Western individualism and rationalism were also reflected in the migration policy of West-ern countries. Nietzsche showed the duality of life (Dionysian and Apollonian principles), similarly, in modern politics, you can see the contradiction be-tween migration and the policy of the European Un-ion (EU), Christian culture and politics that does not solve existential problems. Therefore, there is no complete sense of freedom, since migrants become hostages of circumstances when they receive finan-cial assistance. O. Spengler's reflections lead him to the idea of the failure of educational humanism. Nietzsche rejected Christian humanism, which he saw as a manifestation of "slave morality".
doi:10.24158/fik.2020.9.9 fatcat:rxtyzrbylvhq3i6clqgpuwrlxy