Nurmisdaramayani*, Syaukani**, Wahyuddin Nur Nasution***

Mahasiswi Program, Studi Islam, Konsentrasi Pendidikan, Agama Islam, Pascasarjana Uin, Sumatera Utara, M Pembimbing, Tesis Dosen, Pascasarjana Uin, Sumatera Utara, Pembimbing Ii, Tesis Dosen (+2 others)
unpublished
Humans have the ability to think that is still in the form of potential, then become actual through al-ta'lim and al-riyâa'h in accordance with its physical and mental development, the outside world that is affected and programmed and even planned will be able to optimize human potential better In the future. The ability of human thinking will emerge in actuality after humans have the ability tamyiz (ability to distinguish) between good and bad to do, because people will think that the results
more » ... k that the results of what he has done will be in accordance with the process or business. Man's tamyiz ability can encourage people to do positive things through education, many factors are considered in achieving educational goals, such as always pay attention to the methods of education applied in schools, because it will affect and facilitate the providers of education To be more effective and efficient in achieving goals. Among them are the application of rewards and punishments in the learning process, this is one of the many teaching methods in education. The application of both methods is often misunderstood by educational practitioners, even if linked to the jurisprudence laws there will be a judge that the world of Islamic education is seen as those who impose military discipline and apply harsh punishment. In fact it is not so, Imam Al-Ghazali including one of the figures who fight for the elimination of harsh punishment against learners. This study aims to find and know how the views of Islamic education leaders about punishment and reward, to know how the implementation of rewards in the learning process at school, the execution of punishment in the learning process at school, what are the constraints faced in implementing the rewards and punishments in the learning process in school, and what are the solutions to the constraints faced in implementing the rewards and punishments in the learning process in school. Manusia mempunyai kemampuan berpikir yang mulanya masih berbentuk potensi, kemudian menjadi aktual melalui al-ta'lim dan al-riyâa'h yang sesuai dengan perkembangan fisik dan mentalnya, dunia luar yang terpengaruh dan terprogram bahkan terencana akan dapat mengoptimalkan potensi manusia kearah lebih baik untuk kedepannya. Kemampuan berpikir manusia akan muncul secara aktual setelah manusia memiliki kemampuan tamyiz (kemampuan membedakan) antara yang baik dan buruk untuk dilakukannya, karena manusia akan berpikir bahwa hasil dari yang telah dilakukannya itu akan sesuai dengan proses ataupun usahanya. Kemampuan tamyiz yang dimiliki oleh manusia dapat mendorong manusia tersebut untuk melakukan hal-hal yang positif melalui pendidikan, banyak faktor yang diperhatikan dalam mencapai tujuan pendidikan, diantaranya adalah selalu memperhatikan metode pendidikan yang diterapkan di sekolah-sekolah, karena itu akan mempengaruhi dan mempermudah
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