Association of Interleukin 10 Haplotype with Low Bone Mineral Density in Korean Postmenopausal Women

Byung-Lae Park, In-Kwon Han, Ho-Sa Lee, Lyoung-Hyo Kim, Sa-Jin Kim, Joon-Shik Shin, Shin-Yoon Kim, Hyoung-Doo Shin
2004 BMB Reports  
Osteoporosis is a disease characterized by exaggerated loss of bone mass, with as much as 50 to 85% of the variation in bone mineral density (BMD) commonly accepted as being genetically determined. Although intensive studies have attempted to elucidate the genetic effects of polymorphisms on BMD and/or osteoporosis in several genes, the genes involved are still largely unknown. The possible associations of genetic variants in five-candidate genes (IL10, CCR3, MCP1, MCP2 and GC) with spinal BMD
more » ... C) with spinal BMD were investigated in Korean postmenopausal women (n = 370). Fourteen SNPs in five candidate genes were genotyped, and the haplotypes of each gene constructed. The associations of adjusted spinal BMD by age, year since menopause (YSM) and body mass index (BMI), with genetic polymorphisms, were analyzed using multiple regression models. Genetic association analysis of Korean postmenopausal women revealed that IL10 -592A > C and/or IL10 ht2 were associated with decreased bone mass, whereas no significant associations were observed with all polymorphisms in other genes. The levels of spinal BMD in individuals bearing the IL10 -592CC genotype were lower (0.78 ± 0.16) than those in others (0.85 ± 0.17) (P = 0.02), and the BMD of IL10 ht2 bearing individuals were also lower (0.82 ± 0.15) than those in others (0.85 ± 0.17) (P = 0.04). Our results suggest that variants of IL10 might play a role in the decreased BMD, although additional study might need to be followed-up in a more powerful cohort.
doi:10.5483/bmbrep.2004.37.6.691 pmid:15607028 fatcat:x2rvffydrjhilmfxdxoq4yf7ha