Automatic childbirth procedures implanted on the BirthSIM simulator

O. Olaby, R. Moreau, X. Brun, T. Redarce, O. Dupuis
2006 2006 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems  
This paper presents some new automatic procedures for the BirthSIM childbirth simulator. This simulator is a complete training system used to simulate labor during childbirth and to mimic the last stage of a normal or instrumental delivery. This simulator also tests new techniques for obstetric practice. BirthSIM is able to simulate the uterine contractions and the mother's voluntary efforts, this enables the operator to synchronize these two types of efforts during a normal childbirth, or to
more » ... childbirth, or to synchronize these two efforts with the operator's tractive instrumental effort during childbirth using obstetric instruments. One originality of the BirthSIM simulator is to allow the medical team to acquire a better understanding of the application of these two synchronization concepts. With the aim of implanting various childbirth procedures, four control algorithms and switching algorithms are used to control successively: force, position, force-velocity or forceposition. These control algorithms are important to produce the movement of the head, the mother's natural contractions and the mother's pushing action. Different childbirth cases are simulated using an electropneumatic system. The experimental results have been presented for two examples of instrumental extraction for childbirth using obstetric forceps (easy and difficult). The validity of the proposed control method for simulating childbirth modes has been evaluated by an expert obstetrician. Index Terms -BirthSIM simulator, childbirth procedures, synchronization concepts in childbirth and control algorithms.
doi:10.1109/iros.2006.282648 dblp:conf/iros/OlabyMBRD06 fatcat:vhevy3ed6ngqvhudweit5lywim