2D ear classification based on unsupervised clustering
IEEE International Joint Conference on Biometrics
Ear classification refers to the process by which an input ear image is assigned to one of several pre-defined classes based on a set of features extracted from the image. In the context of large-scale ear identification, where the input probe image has to be compared against a large set of gallery images in order to locate a matching identity, classification can be used to restrict the matching process to only those images in the gallery that belong to the same class as the probe. In this
... probe. In this work, we utilize an unsupervised clustering scheme to partition ear images into multiple classes (i.e., clusters), with each class being denoted by a prototype or a centroid. A given ear image is assigned class labels (i.e., cluster indices) that correspond to the clusters whose centroids are closest to it. We compare the classification performance of three different texture descriptors, viz. Histograms of Oriented Gradients, uniform Local Binary Patterns and Local Phase Quantization. Extensive experiments using three different ear datasets suggest that the Local Phase Quantization texture descriptor scheme along with PCA for dimensionality reduction results in a 96.89% hit rate (i.e., 3.11% pre-selection error rate) with a penetration rate of 32.08%. Further, we demonstrate that the hit rate improves to 99.01% with a penetration rate of 47.10% when a multi-cluster search strategy is employed.