Team-level programming of drone sensor networks

Luca Mottola, Mattia Moretta, Kamin Whitehouse, Carlo Ghezzi
2014 Proceedings of the 12th ACM Conference on Embedded Network Sensor Systems - SenSys '14  
Autonomous drones are a powerful new breed of mobile sensing platform that can greatly extend the capabilities of traditional sensing systems. Unfortunately, it is still non-trivial to coordinate multiple drones to perform a task collaboratively. We present a novel programming model called team-level programming that can express collaborative sensing tasks without exposing the complexity of managing multiple drones, such as concurrent programming, parallel execution, scaling, and failure
more » ... and failure recovering. We create the VOLTRON programming system to explore the concept of team-level programming in active sensing applications. VOLTRON offers programming constructs to create the illusion of a simple sequential execution model while still maximizing opportunities to dynamically re-task the drones as needed. We implement VOLTRON by targeting a popular aerial drone platform, and evaluate the resulting system using a combination of real deployments, user studies, and emulation. Our results indicate that VOLTRON enables simpler code and produces marginal overhead in terms of CPU, memory, and network utilization. In addition, it greatly facilitates implementing correct and complete collaborative drone applications, compared to existing drone programming systems.
doi:10.1145/2668332.2668353 dblp:conf/sensys/MottolaMWG14 fatcat:lnstxk5y3narpmia2l6kpog2tm