Impact of Pre-percutaneous Coronary Intervention Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction Flow Grade in Patients With ST-segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction and Prediabetes or Diabetes After Successful Newer-generation Drug-eluting Stent Implantation [post]

Yong Hoon Kim, Ae-Young Her, Myung Ho Jeong, Byeong-Keuk Kim, Sung-Jin Hong, Seunghwan Kim, Chul-Min Ahn, Jung-Sun Kim, Young-Guk Ko, Donghoon Choi, Myeong-Ki Hong, Yangsoo Jang
2020 unpublished
Background: Studies comparing long-term clinical outcomes between prediabetes and diabetes based on pre-percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow grade in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) after successful PCI with newer-generation drug-eluting stents are limited. We compared 2-year clinical outcomes of these two groups. Methods: Overall, 6448 STEMI patients were divided into two groups: pre-PCI TIMI 0/1 group (n =
more » ... 854) and pre-PCI TIMI 2/3 group (n = 1594). Subsequently, these two groups were further divided into patients with normoglycemia, prediabetes, and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The major endpoint was the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs), defined as all-cause death, recurrent myocardial infarction, or any repeat revascularization. Results: After adjustment, in the pre-PCI TIMI 0/1 group, the cumulative incidence of all-cause death was higher in both prediabetes (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR]: 1.633, p = 0.045) and T2DM (aHR: 2.064, p = 0.002) groups than in the normoglycemia group. In the pre-PCI TIMI 2/3 group, the cumulative incidence of any repeat revascularization was higher in both prediabetes (aHR: 2.511, p = 0.039) and T2DM (aHR: 3.156, p = 0.009) groups than in the normoglycemia group. However, in each group (pre-PCI TIMI 0/1 or 2/3), the cumulative incidences of MACEs and all other clinical outcomes were not significantly different between the prediabetes and T2DM groups. Conclusions: In this retrospective registry study, prediabetes showed worse clinical outcomes similar to those of T2DM regardless of the pre-PCI TIMI flow grade. However, further studies are warranted to confirm these results.
doi:10.21203/ fatcat:tmqwavo5r5fb3eflcbrtbbjgra