Deep Fusion Feature Extraction for Caries Detection on Dental Panoramic Radiographs

Toan Huy Bui, Kazuhiko Hamamoto, May Phu Paing
2021 Applied Sciences  
Caries is the most well-known disease and relates to the oral health of billions of people around the world. Despite the importance and necessity of a well-designed detection method, studies in caries detection are still limited and show a restriction in performance. In this paper, we proposed a computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) method to detect caries among normal patients using dental radiographs. The proposed method mainly consists of two processes: feature extraction and classification. In the
more » ... feature extraction phase, the chosen 2D tooth image was employed to extract deep activated features using a deep pre-trained model and geometric features using mathematic formulas. Both feature sets were then combined, called fusion feature, to complement each other defects. Then, the optimal fusion feature set was fed into well-known classification models such as support vector machine (SVM), k-nearest neighbor (KNN), decision tree (DT), Naïve Bayes (NB), and random forest (RF) to determine the best classification model that fit the fusion features set and perform the most preeminent result. The results show 91.70%, 90.43%, and 92.67% for accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity, respectively. The proposed method has outperformed the previous state-of-the-art and shows promising results when none of the measured factors is less than 90%; therefore, the method is promising for dentists and capable of wide-scale implementation caries detection in hospitals.
doi:10.3390/app11052005 fatcat:i5bznpchong4rn7v7rkgqxe7ga