Enhanced flood mapping using synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images, hydraulic modelling, and social media: A case study of Hurricane Harvey (Houston, TX)

Vincenzo Scotti, Mario Giannini, Francesco Cioffi
2020 Journal of Flood Risk Management  
Post event flooding maps are currently extracted from synthetic-aperture radar (SAR) and/or optical satellite images or developing using hydraulic model simulations. Several sources of uncertainties impact the accuracy of such flood maps constructed from each method, especially in urban areas. An integrated approach that combines satellite imagines of flooded areas, hydraulic models, and markers from social media that should reduce these uncertainties and allow a more accurate reconstruction of
more » ... flooded urban areas, is presented in this paper. The flooding associated with Hurricane Harvey in Houston, TX was chosen as a case study. Model validations demonstrate the effectiveness of our integrated approach in reconstructing an accurate flooding map, as well as the temporal and spatial patterns of flooding. Using the experience from this case study we discuss the possibility to use satellite data, instead of groundbased rainfall gauge measurements as precipitation inputs to the hydraulic model; and possible error sources in simulating flooding in urban areas using the hydraulic model. K E Y W O R D S emergency, extreme events, hydraulic modelling, management, remote sensing
doi:10.1111/jfr3.12647 fatcat:arxn6bupevcf7flku6oi6bybjy