Transformation of siderite to goethite by humic acid in the natural environment

Bobo Xing, Nigel Graham, Wenzheng Yu
2020 Communications Chemistry  
Humic acid (HA) is particularly important in iron-bearing mineral transformations and erosion at the water-mineral boundary zone of the Earth. In this study, three stages of the possible pathway by which HA causes mineral transformation from siderite to goethite are identified. Firstly, a Fe(II)-HA complex is formed by chelation, which accelerates the dissolution and oxidation of Fe(II) from the surface of siderite. As the Fe(II)-HA complex retains Fe atoms in close proximity of each other,
more » ... of each other, ferrihydrite is formed by the agglomeration and crystallization. Finally, the ferrihydrite structurally rearranges upon attachment to the surface of goethite crystals and merges with its structure. The influence of low concentrations of HA (0-2 mg/L) on phosphate adsorption is found to be beneficial by the inducing of new mineral phases. We believe that these results provide a greater understanding of the impact of HA in the biogeochemical cycle of phosphate, mineral transformation.
doi:10.1038/s42004-020-0284-3 fatcat:luighwakgbbvhm25gxskjsnwpq