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The iron-oxidizing bacteria Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans is an example of strictly chemolitotrophic extremophile occurring in acidic environments. The prime niche of these microorganisms is an environment with low pH and high concentrations of iron, sulfide minerals or sulfur. Besides these environments, A. ferrooxidans is also isolated from heavy metal contaminated environments such as soil and sewage sludge and is known to be useful in bioremediation processes of these environments. In thepmid:17338273 fatcat:g5ompihvdffhzap74c6iwsxmpy