IN VITRO EVALUATION OF ANTIMICROBIAL EFFICACY OF DIODE LASER WHEN USED ADJUNCTIVELY WITH SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE, METHYLENE BLUE OR TOLUIDINE BLUE IN ENTEROCOCCUS FAECALIS CONTAMINATED ROOT CANALS

N. Shubhashini, Vinaya Kumar R, Annapoorna Kini, Swetha H.B., Srikanth Choudhary B.S., Nithin Kumar Shetty
2020 GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS  
AIM: To evaluate antimicrobial effect of diode laser when used adjunctively with sodium hypochlorite, methylene blue or toluidine blue in Enterococcus faecalis inoculated root canals. METHODOLOGY: 70 extracted uniradicular premolars were prepared with ProTaper files and sterilized. 5 were kept aside as negative control (G1) and the remaining 65 were inoculated with Enterococcus faecalis and incubated for 7 days. Following this, 5 were kept as positive control (G2) and the other 60 were randomly
more » ... er 60 were randomly distributed into six groups: G3, diode laser irradiation (1.5W) with sodium hypochlorite; G4, diode laser (3W) with sodium hypochlorite; G5, diode laser (1.5W) with methylene blue; G6, diode laser (3W) with methylene blue; G7, diode laser (1.5W) with toluidine blue; G8, diode laser (3W) with toluidine blue. Subsequently, turbidity was assessed and CFU count determined following intracanal sampling and plating. RESULTS: G4 exhibited significantly lower mean CFUs/mL (P˂0.001) among the experimental groups. G4 demonstrated the most (98.8%) while G7 exhibited the least antibacterial effect (28.66%). Highest turbidity was observed in G5 (0.1310) while the lowest was noted in G4 (0.0287). CONCLUSION: Diode laser used adjunctively with sodium hypochlorite exhibited superior antibacterial efficacy when compared to its use with photosensitizer dyes like methylene blue and toluidine blue.
doi:10.36106/gjra/1511748 fatcat:twlafj6aqrdtfhicpkxdkurfzm