NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS: HOW KNOWLEDGE INFLUENCES PRACTICES AMONGST HEALTHCARE WORKERS

Hema Gogia, Jayanta Das, Saurabh Singh
2016 International Research Journal of Human Resources and Social Sciences Impact Factor-3   unpublished
Nosocomial infections are a major global safety concern for both patients and healthcare professionals. Despite progress in public health and hospital care, and despite numerous studies conducted worldwide on this issue, nosocomial infections still remain a major challenge. Objective: This study aims to assess the impact of knowledge on practices regarding nosocomial infection control measures in a tertiary care hospital of north India. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was
more » ... l study was conducted in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of a hospital to assess Knowledge and practices of the healthcare staff using a predesigned pre-tested structured questionnaire prepared using guidelines of World Health Organization and Centre for Disease Control. The population sample comprised of 26 doctors and 55 nurses posted in the ICU during those two months in 2013. Results: Overall the results show that the Spearman's coefficient of correlation is 0.548 between knowledge and practices amongst the doctors and 0.283 between knowledge and practices amongst the nurses posted in the ICU. Conclusion: It is imperative that attainment of highest standards of infection control practices is largely dependent on level of knowledge. Therefore there is an urgent need to improve knowledge regarding nosocomial infections control measures through regular trainings of the hospital staff in order to reduce the prevalence of nosocomial infections.
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