Marker of vitamin D status in healthy children: Free or total 25-hydroxyvitamin D?
Objective To assess if serum free 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) is a better indicator of vitamin D status than total 25OHD in healthy children. Methods Cross-sectional prospective clinical study was designed. We measured serum free 25OHD concentrations and its correlation with calculated free 25OHD, total 25OHD, intact parathyroid hormone (PTH), and vitamin D binding protein (DBP) in children. The influence of age, sex, ethnicity, body mass index (BMI), season of the year, diet intake, vitamin
... intake, vitamin supplements, time spent outdoors and albumin concentrations on free 25OHD was also analyzed. 241 children aged from 0 days to 14 years, and living in the northern Spain (latitude 43˚N), were included. Results Mean (SD) free 25OHD concentrations were 2.48 (1.39), 5.46 (3.12), 4.12 (1,72), 3.82 (1.43) pg/ml in children aged 0 days, 1 month-2 years, 2-6 years and >6 years, respectively. Correlation between directly measured and calculated free 25OHD was high and significant (r = 0.66) as well as the correlation between serum free and total 25OHD concentrations (r = 0.61). No significant correlation was found between PTH and free 25OHD (r = -0.08). The total 25OHD and PTH concentrations' correlation was inverse (r = -0.25) and significant. Neither free nor total 25OHD concentrations correlated with DBP concentrations. Among the analyzed variables, free 25OHD values were higher in spring/summer than in autumn/ winter in children older than 6 years. These findings do not support that free 25OHD is a better marker of vitamin D deficiency than total 25OHD in healthy pediatric population. Free 25-hydroxyvitamin D in healthy children PLOS ONE | https://doi.