Effect of Endothelial Shear Stress on the Progression of Coronary Artery Disease, Vascular Remodeling, and In-Stent Restenosis in Humans: In Vivo 6-Month Follow-Up Study

P. H. Stone
2003 Circulation  
Background-Native atherosclerosis and in-stent restenosis are focal and evolve independently. The endothelium controls local arterial responses by transduction of shear stress. Characterization of endothelial shear stress (ESS) may allow for prediction of progression of atherosclerosis and in-stent restenosis. Methods and Results-By using intracoronary ultrasound, biplane coronary angiography, and measurement of coronary blood flow, we represented the artery in accurate 3D space and determined
more » ... ace and determined detailed characteristics of ESS and arterial wall/plaque morphology. Patients who underwent stent implantation and who had another artery with luminal obstruction Ͻ50% underwent intravascular profiling initially and after 6-month follow-up. Twelve arteries in 8 patients were studied: 6 native and 6 stented arteries. In native arteries, regions of abnormally low baseline ESS exhibited a significant increase in plaque thickness and enlargement of the outer vessel wall, such that lumen radius remained unchanged (outward remodeling). Regions of physiological ESS showed little change. Regions with increased ESS exhibited outward remodeling with normalization of ESS. In stented arteries, there was an increase in intima-medial thickness, a decrease in lumen radius, and an increase in ESS at all levels of baseline ESS. Conclusions-The present study represents the first experience in humans relating ESS to subsequent outcomes in native and stented arteries. Regions of low ESS develop progressive atherosclerosis and outward remodeling, areas of physiological ESS remain quiescent, and areas of increased ESS exhibit outward remodeling. ESS may have a limited role in in-stent restenosis. This technology can predict areas of minor plaque likely to exhibit progression of atherosclerosis. (Circulation. 2003;108:438-444.) Key Words: endothelium Ⅲ atherosclerosis Ⅲ coronary disease Ⅲ shear stress C oronary atherosclerosis is focal and eccentric, 1,2 and
doi:10.1161/01.cir.0000080882.35274.ad pmid:12860915 fatcat:g4nbvhbgxrcstopkr2vpf5nize