Enhancing attributional style as a resiliency factor in depressogenic stress generation

Evan M. Kleiman, Richard T. Liu, John H. Riskind
2013 Anxiety, Stress, & Coping  
There is a growing body of evidence that suggests depression and cognitive vulnerabilities to depression may lead individuals to generate stressful events. However, there has been no study to date that has directly examined factors that may lead individuals to be less likely to generate stressful events. The present study examines whether an enhancing attributional style, the tendency to make global and stable inferences following occurrence of a positive event, functions as a resiliency factor
more » ... a resiliency factor in stress generation. One hundred and sixty-seven female students completed measures of depression symptoms and attributional style at baseline and occurrence of life events since baseline at a four-week follow-up. Results indicated that an enhancing attributional style predicted decreased levels of stressful events over the following four weeks, even when controlling for depression symptoms. The findings of this study suggest that there may be resiliency factors that can help protect individuals from the generation of stressful events.
doi:10.1080/10615806.2012.684381 pmid:22607217 fatcat:ectt6oc5ybarnfwz2aurfm4e2q