Impact ionization and multiple photon absorption in the two-dimensional photoexcited Hubbard model

Florian Maislinger, Hans Gerd Evertz
2022 Physical review B  
We study the nonequilibrium response of a 4 × 3 Hubbard model at U = 8 under the influence of a short electric field pulse, with the main focus on multiple photon excitations and on the change of double occupancy after the pulse. The behavior mainly depends on the driving frequency of the electric field. The largest change of double occupancy occurs during the pulse. For frequencies below the Mott gap, we observe multiphoton excitations at large field intensities. For frequencies beyond the gap
more » ... energy, there is a region where Auger recombination reduces the double occupancy after the pulse. Impact ionization (multiexciton generation), namely, a growing double occupancy after the pulse, occurs for frequencies larger than twice the Mott gap. From the Loschmidt amplitude, we compute the eigenstate spectrum of the quantum state after the pulse, observing multiple distinct photon excitation peaks, in line with expectations from a quasiparticle picture. We introduce a technique with which we analyze the time evolution of double occupancy in each peak individually. The long-term behavior of the double occupancy almost only depends on the absorbed energy, and we explore the connection of this property to the eigenstate thermalization hypothesis.
doi:10.1103/physrevb.105.045114 fatcat:zmch4edorjdbbktfrrjkszmvwu