Experimental pK a Value Determination of All Ionizable Groups of a Hyperstable Protein

Heiner N. Raum, Ulrich Weininger
2019 ChemBioChem  
Electrostatic interactions significantly contribute to the stability and function of proteins. The stabilizing or destabilizing effect of local charge is reflected in the perturbation of the pKa value of an ionizable group from the intrinsic pKa value. Herein, the charge network of a hyperstable dimeric protein (ribbon-helix-helix (rhh) protein from plasmid pRN1 from Sulfolobus islandicus) is studied through experimental determination of the pKa values of all ionizable groups. Transitions were
more » ... onitored by multiple NMR signals per ionizable group between pH 0 and 12.5, prior to a global analysis, which accounted for the effects of neighboring residues. It is found that for several residues involved in salt bridges (four Asp and one Lys) the pKa values are shifted in favor of the charged state. Furthermore, the pKa values of residues C40 and Y47, both located in the hydrophobic dimer interface, are shifted beyond 13.7. The necessary energy for such a shift is about two-thirds of the total stability of the protein, which confirms the importance of the hydrophobic core to the overall stability of the rhh protein.
doi:10.1002/cbic.201800628 pmid:30511779 pmcid:PMC6619245 fatcat:auolsensurelzd4pyvqesieany