Filling History, Consolidating the Origins. The First Female Architects of the Barcelona School of Architecture (1964–1975)

Zaida Muxí, Daniela Arias Laurino
2020 Arts  
After Francisco Franco's death, the process of democratisation of public institutions was a key factor in the evolution of the architectural profession in Spain. The approval of the creation of neighbourhood associations, the first municipal governments, and the modernisation of Spanish universities are some examples of this. Moreover, feminist and environmental activism from some parts of Spanish society was relevant for socio-political change that affected women in particular. The last decade
more » ... ar. The last decade of Franco's Regime coincided with the first generation of women that graduated from the Barcelona School of Architecture (ETSAB). From 1964 to 1975, 73 female students graduated as architects—the first one was Margarita Brender Rubira (1919–2000) who validated her degree obtained in Romania in 1962. Some of these women became pioneers in different fields of the architectural profession, such as Roser Amador in architectural design, Alrun Jimeno in building technologies, Anna Bofill in urban design and planning, Rosa Barba in landscape architecture or Pascuala Campos in architectural design, and teaching with gender perspective. This article presents the contributions of these women to the architecture profession in relation to these socio-political advances. It also seeks—through the life stories, personal experiences, and personal visions on professional practice—to highlight those 'other stories' that have been left out of the hegemonic historiography of Spanish architecture.
doi:10.3390/arts9010029 fatcat:oh6z4n7zunf7dhppjrzmzmwidi