Comprehensive Study and Comparison on 5G NOMA Schemes

Zhanji Wu, Kun Lu, Chengxin Jiang, Xuanbo Shao
2018 IEEE Access  
Compared to the traditional orthogonal multiple access, non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) technology can achieve higher spectrum efficiency and support more massive connectivity. In this paper, we conduct comprehensive study and comparison on current NOMA technologies that many mainstream companies have proposed for the fifth generation (5G) wireless communication standard. According to the characteristics of the NOMA schemes, we classify these schemes into four categories: scrambling-based
more » ... NOMA, spreading-based NOMA, coding-based NOMA, and interleaving-based NOMA. We systematically summarize the transceiver block diagram of each category, and detail basic principles, key features, and transmission-reception algorithms of all NOMA schemes. Furthermore, the theoretical analysis based on average mutual information is given to evaluate the achievable sum-rate performance of the NOMA systems and their potential performance gains as compared with OMA. Comprehensive simulations are carried out for the block-error-rate performance evaluation of these NOMA schemes as well, which coincide with the theoretical analysis. By comparing the performance of these technologies, some promising schemes and directions are suggested for the future 5G NOMA development.
doi:10.1109/access.2018.2817221 fatcat:iul7gi2xrjc45mdhg55owlcjvy