Group Fairness for Knapsack Problems
We study the knapsack problem with group fairness constraints. The input of the problem consists of a knapsack of bounded capacity and a set of items, each item belongs to a particular category and has and associated weight and value. The goal of this problem is to select a subset of items such that all categories are fairly represented, the total weight of the selected items does not exceed the capacity of the knapsack,and the total value is maximized. We study the fairness parameters such as
... he bounds on the total value of items from each category, the total weight of items from each category, and the total number of items from each category. We give approximation algorithms for these problems. These fairness notions could also be extended to the min-knapsack problem. The fair knapsack problems encompass various important problems, such as participatory budgeting, fair budget allocation, advertising.