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The Orbit and the Visual Pathway
Pituitary apoplexy" -a term easily misunderstood -was coined to describe the sudden onset of drowsiness, ophthalmoplegia, and -sometimes -the loss of pituitary function, caused by an abrupt enlargement of a pituitary adenoma. It usually is due to acute hemorrhage, but can also be the result of ischemic necrosis and subsequent edema. Despite differing opinions, pituitary apoplexy seems to be more common in nonfunctional than in hormone-producing adenomas. Hemorrhage has a much poorer prognosisdoi:10.1515/9783110851854-020 fatcat:xw7rpl3ibjcfxbl4typr7pgxru