Gamma-aminobutyric acid uptake and the termination of inhibitory synaptic potentials in the rat hippocampal slice

R Dingledine, S J Korn
Intracellular recordings were made from CA1 pyramidal cells in the rat hippocampal slice to study the processes that influence the time course of inhibitory post-synaptic potentials (i.p.s.p.s) mediated by gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), and conductance changes evoked by ionophoretically applied GABA. The GABA-uptake inhibitors, nipecotic acid and cis-4-OH-nipecotic acid (1 mM), greatly prolonged conductance increases associated with both hyperpolarizing and depolarizing responses to
more » ... cally applied GABA. In contrast to their effects on GABA-evoked conductances, uptake inhibitors only slightly prolonged antidromically evoked i.p.s.p.s. Their primary effect occurred after the i.p.s.p. had decayed to 5-30% of its peak. 4-OH-isonipecotic acid, a nipecotic acid analogue that does not inhibit GABA uptake, did not prolong i.p.s.p.s or ionophoretically evoked conductance changes. Sodium pentobarbitone (100 microM), a drug that prolongs the open time of GABA-activated chloride channels, potentiated both i.p.s.p.s and responses to ionophoretically applied GABA. Whereas pentobarbitone also prolonged i.p.s.p.s, it did not prolong responses to ionophoretically applied GABA. The prolongation of i.p.s.p.s by pentobarbitone occurred equally in both the early and late phases of the i.p.s.p., in contrast to the effects of GABA-uptake inhibitors. I.p.s.p.s did not usually decay exponentially. The observation that uptake inhibitors prolonged the late but not the early decay phase of the i.p.s.p., together with the previous finding that the conductance change persists for the duration of the i.p.s.p., indicate that GABA is present in the synapse throughout much of the i.p.s.p. These data suggest that diffusion of GABA out of the synapse, a non-exponential process, is an important determinant of the i.p.s.p. decay time course. Increasing the extracellular potassium concentration from 3.5 to 8.5 mM resulted in spontaneously occurring, synchronous burst firing of pyramidal cells. Cis-4-OH-nipecotic acid significantly reduced t [...]
doi:10.17615/r5ns-8b24 fatcat:havkzvi5ercgvdq23vneud3ltq