TGFβ2-Induced Changes in Human Trabecular Meshwork: Implications for Intraocular Pressure

Debra L. Fleenor, Allan R. Shepard, Peggy E. Hellberg, Nasreen Jacobson, Iok-Hou Pang, Abbot F. Clark
2006 Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science  
PURPOSE. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-␤2 levels are elevated in glaucomatous human aqueous humor. TGF␤ is a cytokine that alters extracellular matrix (ECM) metabolism, and excess ECM has been proposed to increase aqueous outflow resistance in the trabecular meshwork (TM) of glaucomatous eyes. This study was undertaken to investigate effects of TGF␤2 on secretion of fibronectin and the protease inhibitor plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1 from human TM cell cultures and perfused human
more » ... ular anterior segments. METHODS. Total RNA was isolated from pooled human TM cell monolayers and used for a gene microarray expression analysis. Supernatants from treated human TM cells were analyzed by ELISA for fibronectin or PAI-1 content. TGF␤2 effects on intraocular pressure (IOP) were evaluated in a perfused organ culture model using human anterior segments, and eluates were analyzed for fibronectin and PAI-1 content. RESULTS. Overnight treatment of TM cells with TGF␤2 upregulated multiple ECM-related genes, such as PAI-1. TGF␤2 also increased secretion of both fibronectin and PAI-1 from TM cells. TGF␤2 effects on TM cells were blocked by inhibitors of the TGF␤ type I receptor. In perfused human anterior segments, TGF␤2 treatment elevated IOP and increased eluate fibronectin and PAI-1 content. CONCLUSIONS. TGF␤2 effects on IOP may be transduced by TGF␤ type-I receptor-mediated changes in TM secretion of ECM-related factors such as fibronectin and PAI-1. Modulation of TGF␤2-induced changes in the ECM may provide a novel and viable approach to the management of glaucoma. (Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2006;47:226 -234)
doi:10.1167/iovs.05-1060 pmid:16384967 fatcat:e3p6sd5p65dvpj6ubwxhz6v2bq