Treatment of Bronchial Anastomotic Fistula using Autologous Platelet-rich Plasma Post Lung Transplantation - A Case Report [post]

Aisha Siddique, Belal Nedal Sabbah, Tarek Ziad Arabi, Ismail Mohammed Shakir, Rayid Abdulqawi, Khaled AlKattan, Mohamed Hussein Ahmed
2022 unpublished
Background: Bronchial anastomotic dehiscence is considered one of the most catastrophic early airway complications post-transplant. The presence of a partial dehiscence can also cause further complications such as a fistula between the bronchus and the pleural membrane. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is known to significantly enhance the healing process and is being used in the treatment of various conditions, however, so far, there are no reports of the use of PRP in the treatment of bronchial
more » ... tomotic dehiscence fistula.Case Presentation: We present a 37-year-old male, with non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis underwent bilateral lung transplantation. The patient developed partial dehiscence of the right bronchial anastomosis that was complicated by a small bronchopleural fistula. Two bronchoscopic applications of autologous platelet-rich plasma were carried out. Follow-up a few weeks later showed complete closure and healing of the fistula.Conclusions: This case report suggests that the treatment of post-lung transplant small bronchial anastomotic partial dehiscence fistula with PRP is safe and effective.
doi:10.21203/ fatcat:nev5d2xppjctnpkmhelvgwvif4