Tumor rejection mediated by transfection with allogeneic class I histocompatibility gene
Journal of Immunology
Non-self class I histocompatibility Ag can act as strong alloantigens and be recognized as distinct targets by CTL. To study the possibility of using allograft rejection to generate tumor-specific immunity, we have introduced an allogeneic class I histocompatibility gene, the H-2Kb gene, into a k haplotype tumor, K36.16, by DNA-mediated gene transfer. The K36.16 tumor grows readily and does not confer protective immunity in AKR mice. A total of 37 H-2Kb-transfected K36.16 clones (Kb/K36.16) was
... isolated and studied individually. The Kb/K36.16 clones were found to differ significantly in the amount of the exogenous H-2Kb antigens expressed on their cell surface. Moreover, as a result of the transfection, the level of expression of the endogenous H-2Dk Ag was also altered when compared to that of the parental K36.16 tumor cells. All the Kb/K36.16 clones that were positive for the H-2Kb Ag were rejected by the semisyngeneic AKR mice. Moreover, some of these Kb/K36.16 clones were also rejected by syngeneic (AKR x C57BL/10)F1 mice. In consequence of immunization with the Kb/K36.16 clones, the AKR and F1 mice were able to survive a subsequent challenge of the wild-type, unmodified, parental K36.16 tumor cells. More importantly, some of these Kb/K36.16 clones demonstrated an active and specific immunotherapeutic effect, and they were able to eradicate the growth of the parental K36.16 tumor cells in AKR mice. This observation therefore reinforces the feasibility of using DNA-mediated gene transfer as a molecular approach to abrogate tumor growth.