A roadmap for gene functional characterisation in wheat [post]

Nikolai M Adamski, Philippa Borrill, Jemima Brinton, Sophie Harrington, Clemence Marchal, Alison R Bentley, Wiliam D Bovill, Luigi Cattivelli, James Cockram, Bruno Contreras-Moreira, Brett Ford, Sreya Ghosh (+15 others)
2019 unpublished
To adapt to the challenges of climate change and the growing world population, it is vital to increase global crop production. Understanding the function of genes within staple crops will accelerate crop improvement by allowing targeted breeding approaches. Despite the importance of wheat, which provides 20 % of the calories consumed by humankind, a lack of genomic information and resources has hindered the functional characterisation of genes in this species. The recent release of a
more » ... y reference sequence for wheat underpins a suite of genetic and genomic resources that support basic research and breeding. These include accurate gene model annotations, gene expression atlases and gene networks that provide background information about putative gene function. In parallel, sequenced mutation populations, improved transformation protocols and structured natural populations provide rapid methods to study gene function directly. We highlight a case study exemplifying how to integrate these resources to study gene function in wheat and thereby accelerate improvement in this important crop. We hope that this review provides a helpful guide for plant scientists, especially those expanding into wheat research for the first time, to capitalise on the discoveries made in Arabidopsis and other plants. This will accelerate the improvement of wheat, a complex polyploid crop, of vital importance for food and nutrition security.
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26877v2 fatcat:j65blirtufc6bayfvbaaglhjey