Reducing plant damage as a way to protect the biosphere from pollution by chemically hazardous effects

Marina V. Meznikova, Ivan B. Borisenko, Omariy G. Chamurliev, Georgy O. Chamurliev, Lucia S. Idrisova
2020 RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries  
In difficult economic realities, the primary task in growing crops is to reduce costs in compliance with quality requirements. At the same time, environmental safety issues are becoming more and more obvious. Lack of knowledge or poor technical settings often result in catastrophic consequences due to unreasonable chemicals application and increases emergency risks in agriculture. In this regard, chemical plant protection requires special attention in terms of safety management. The method of
more » ... rip chemical treatment of crops reduces the effects of chemically hazardous substances on plants, emphasizing the importance and relevance of the research direction. Based on the analysis of production costs for chemical treatment, the shortcomings of serial machines for chemical plant treatment were identified. A technology and technical solution for strip spraying with redistribution of operating solutions to the exposure objects, considering plant growth stage, were proposed. It allowed to accurately adding the active substance to the object, which caused decrease in application rate per hectare, reduction of plant stress, and saving in costs for chemical treatment. Simultaneously, it contributed to the solution of environmental problems by reducing chemical load on soil. This method reduces the risk of emergencies when using chemically hazardous substances in agriculture.
doi:10.22363/2312-797x-2020-15-2-173-181 fatcat:vbppoja4wbbpnnu5imfxz33s44