Forecasting Emergency Calls with a Poisson Neural Network-based Assemble Model

Hongyun Huang, Mingyue Jiang, Zuohua Ding, Mengchu Zhou
2019 IEEE Access  
Forecasting emergency calls are of great importance in practice. By forecasting the occurrence of unfortunate events, we can learn from these events and further prevent their occurrence in the future. However, because of the uncertainty of event occurrences, it is hard to guarantee their prediction accuracy. In this paper, a combined model, which consists of two parts, is proposed. The first part is a Poisson neural network model (PNN). It is responsible for basic forecasting, and its initial
more » ... ights and thresholds are trained by applying a genetic algorithm. The second part consists of multiple linear regression (MLR), autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA), and multivariate gray (GM), which are responsible for estimating residual errors. The basic prediction result adjusted by the residual error is used as the final forecasting result. The proposed model fully takes the advantages of PNN, MLR, ARIMA, and GM, and thus improves forecasting performance. Our method has been applied to the emergency calls of Ningbo, China. The experimental results show that the proposed model has advantages over some existing forecasting models, such as a neural network model, Poisson regression, and stochastic configuration networks in terms of mean absolute percentage error. INDEX TERMS Accident forecasting, combined model, Poisson distribution, Poisson neural network, residual model.
doi:10.1109/access.2019.2896887 fatcat:uixrdkan7neabdsz2h6edvqgoa