Solo Three-incision Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Using a Laparoscopic Scope Holder for Acute Cholecystitis
Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery
Purpose: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is a commonly performed procedure for the management of acute cholecystitis. The presence of an inexperienced scopist or a shortage of manpower could be problematic in emergency surgical cases. To overcome these potential problems while ensuring a stable surgical view during LC, we performed solo surgery. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the results of 22 patients who underwent solo three-incision LC (S-TILC) and 31 patients who underwent the
... tional three-incision LC (C-TILC) from March 1, 2015, to August 31, 2015. We compared the two groups with respect to the patients' clinical characteristics, and intraoperative and postoperative results; and severity grade as defined by the updated Tokyo guidelines 2013 (TG13) criteria. Results: No significant differences in baseline characteristics were found between the two groups. The intraoperative perforation rates were higher in the C-TILC group than in the S-TILC group (p=0.016). Two cases were converted to human-assisted LC in the S-TILC group because of severe adhesions and the scope holder breaking down. No significant differences were found between the groups with respect to length of hospital stay; postoperative diet habit; or rates of postcholecystectomy diarrhea, abdominal pain, wound complication, or complication according to the Clavien-Dindo grade. Conclusion: S-TILC and C-TILC were comparable in terms of results, and this solo surgery in LC could be performed for cases of acute cholecystitis during shortage of skilled manpower.