Magnetic activity, high-energy radiation and variability: from young solar analogs to low-mass objects

Manuel Güdel
2009 Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union  
AbstractMagnetic activity on cool stars expresses itself in a bewildering variety of radiative and particle output originating from magnetic regions between the photosphere and the corona. Given its origin in evolving magnetic fields, most of this output is variable in time. Radiation in the ultraviolet, the extreme ultraviolet, and the X-ray ranges are important for heating and ionizing upper planetary atmospheres and thus driving atmospheric evaporation. Additionally, stellar winds interact
more » ... ar winds interact with the upper atmospheres and may lead to further erosion. The stellar high-energy output is therefore a prime factor in determining habitability of planets. We summarize our knowledge of magnetic activity in young solar analogs and lower-mass stars and show how the stellar output changes on evolutionary timescales.
doi:10.1017/s174392130999295x fatcat:vxkjswsywbektis5daqhvqu3oi